早期公開 英文要約

Title
The relationship between Christian religious consciousness and subjective well-being for Japanese Christians: The Roman Catholic Church and the A subgroup of the Holiness Church
Author
Kobo MATSUSHIMA (Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo)
Mingming LIN (Department of Behavioral Medicine, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry)
Ayumu ARAKAWA (Institute of Innovation, Musashino Art University)
Summary
This study examined the relationship between Christian religious consciousness (CFC) and subjective well-being for Japanese Christians. Members of the Roman Catholic Church (status of denomination: Believers, n=58; Leaders, n=61) and of the A subgroup of the Holiness Church (status of denomination: Believers, n=646; leaders, n=102) participated in the research. Based on factor analysis, we developed a scale of CFC that contained three factors: “Christian doctrine-based belief,” “norms of religious activities,” and “relationship with other church members.” Hierarchical multiple regression analysis on CFC and subjective well-being showed that the people who had high “Christian doctrine-based belief” or a high “relationship with other church members” have high subjective well-being, and that they were partially influenced by subjective well-being among denominations. However well-being was not influenced by status of denomination. These results indicate that subjective well-being rests largely on CFC, although a small portion of it rests on the type of denomination.
Key words
Japanese Christian, Christian religious consciousness, subjective well-being, Roman Catholic Church, A subgroup of the Holiness Church
Title
Assessing the attractiveness of tourist destinations by the Travel Photo Method
Author
Yoshifumi HAYASHI (Faculty of Human Sciences, Osaka International University)
Summary
The purpose of this study is to use the travel photo method (TPM) to reveal the kinds of tourist attractions that cause travelers to be attracted to tourist destinations. In the investigation, we obtained the cooperation of 75 travelers. As a result of analyzing 742 supplied photographs, European and American travelers assessed the attractiveness of Nara through the subjects of temple and shrine architecture, modern architecture, statues of Buddha, and Japanese homes, while Asian tourists did so through subjects such as food and shops, lanterns, and torii (gateways to Shinto shrines). Among the Japanese travelers, the group who had visited many times assessed the attractiveness of Nara through the subjects of stone ruins and flora, while the group who had visited fewer times did so through the subjects of fellow travelers, temple and shrine architecture, and deer. Further, the results showed that travelers’ tourism experiences in Nara can be broadly divided into three types. Based on these, we considered the practical significance of assessments of the attractiveness of tourist destinations using TPM.
Key words
destination attractiveness, Travel Photo Method, tourist attractions, tourist experiences, foreign tourists